1. What is a complete denture?
Complete dentures are full coverage oral prosthetic devices that replace a complete arch of missing teeth. They are supported by the surrounding soft and hard tissues of the oral cavity.
2. What are the indications for complete denture?
The indications for complete denture are:
- A full arch of missing teeth.
- In a medically compromised patient where surgery is contraindicated.
- Financial constraints of the patient for implants.
3. What are the contraindications of complete denture?
- In patients allergic to acrylic used in complete denture.
- Infected socket after tooth extraction.
- Necrosis of bone
- Abscess, ulcers, cysts and tumors.
- Patient has severely resorted dental alveolar ridges which compromise retention.
4. How long wills my denture lasts?
Dentures usually lasts for average life span of 5 to 10 years, however in patients with underlying health issues that can cause early bone loss or in older persons the denture may not last long. Dentures need to be relined or rebased if they become too loose due to regular use and shrinkage of gums over years.
5. How long will it take to make a complete denture?
Complete denture fabrication usually requires 4 to 5 dental office visits. The complete denture fabrication can be started 6 to 8 weeks after tooth extraction but they frequently need to be relined due to continued bone resorption. Waiting for at least 6 months after complete tooth extraction may result in better dentures due to complete healing of the sockets and bone.
6. What are the materials used for making complete dentures?
Dentures require a frame work which retains the denture teeth and emulates the gingival of supporting teeth. Acrylic resin serves as the base of the complete denture. Porcelain or acrylic denture teeth serve to emulate natural teeth.
7. What are the advantages of complete dentures?
- Complete dentures are cost effective treatment option.
- Complete dentures support facial muscles and structures which improve aesthetics of the patient and improve self esteem.
- Properly fitted dentures help the patient in chewing and talking properly.
8. What are the disadvantages of complete dentures?
Modern dentistry has eliminated many of the disadvantages commonly associated with denture. However there are some concerns patient must be aware of:
- They should be removed and cleaned regularly to avoid infection or diseases including bad breathe.
- Cheap or improperly fitted dentures may be uncomfortable and can move around in the mouth causing pain and chewing difficulties.
- Dentures need to be relined or rebased because of continuous bone resorption.
9. How do I maintain my dentures?
Certain instructions are given for the long life of dentures:
- The denture must be handled carefully to avoid accidental dropping while cleaning the dentures.
- Denture should be brushed using soft brush specifically designed for cleaning dentures.
- Avoid using hard bristled brush as it can damage or wear down dentures.
- Dentures should be washed with denture cleaner or mild dish wash liquid or hand soap.
- Abrasive tooth pastes should not be used.
- Dentures need to be kept moist when not being worn so they do not dry out or lose shape.
- They should not be put in hot water as it may distort the dentures.
10. What is the alternative to complete denture?
Dental implants are the other alternative to complete dentures they are the best option for teeth replacement when there are no financial constraints. The implants are placed into the bone and crowns placed over it .they are far more aesthetic and patient can chew, bite or speak as with natural teeth.